Written by Helen Cooke and the CAM-Cancer Consortium.
Updated October 24, 2016

Reflexology

Evidence tables

Please view the PDFs listed below for details of the systematic reviews and/or controlled clinical trials included in this summary.

Table 1: Controlled clinical trials of reflexology for cancer

Citation Helen Cooke, CAM-Cancer Consortium. Reflexology [online document]. http://ws.cam-cancer.org/The-Summaries/Manipulative-body-based/Reflexology. October 24, 2016.

References

  1. Ernst E, Pittler MH, Wider B and Boddy K. Oxford Handbook of Complementary Medicine. Oxford University Press (2008). ISBN 978-0-19-920677-3.
  2. Pitman, V and MacKenzie, K. Reflexology: A practical approach (1997). Stanley Thornes. ISBN: 0-7487-2867-8.
  3. Association of Reflexologists UK website: http://www.aor.org.uk/, accessed 10 August 2016.
  4. Tsay S, Chen H, Chen S, Lin H, Lin K. Effects of reflexotherapy on acute postoperative pain and anxiety among patients with digestive cancer. Cancer Nursing. 2008; 31(2): 109-15.
  5. Stephenson NL, Weinrich SP, Tavakoli AS. The effects of foot reflexology on anxiety and pain in patients with breast and lung cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum. 2000; 27(1):67-72.
  6. Molassiotis A et al. Use of complementary and alternative medicine in cancer patients: a European survey. Annals of Oncology 2005; 16: 655-653
  7. Myers CD, Walton T, Bratsman L, Wilson J, Small B. Massage modalities and symptoms reported by cancer patients: narrative review. J Soc Integr Oncol. 2008; 6(1):19-28.
  8. Ernst E, Posadzki P, Lee MS. Reflexology: an update of a systematic review of randomised clinical trials. Maturitas 2011; 68(2):116-120.
  9. Kim JI, Lee MS, Kang JW, Choi dY, Ernst E. Reflexology for the symptomatic treatment of breast cancer: a systematic review. Integrative Cancer Therapies 2010; 9(4):326-330.
  10. Wilkinson S, Lockhart K, Gambles M, Storey L. Reflexology for symptom relief in patients with cancer. Cancer Nursing. 2008; 31 (5): 354-62. 
  11. Lee SH, Kim JY, Yeo S, Kim SH, Lim S. Meta-Analysis of Massage Therapy on Cancer Pain. Integrative cancer therapies. 2015;14(4):297-304.
  12. Quattrin R, Zanini A, Buchini S, Turello D, Annunziata MA, Vidotti C, Colombatti A, Brusaferro S. Use of reflexology foot massage to reduce anxiety in hospitalized cancer patients in chemotherapy treatment: methodology and outcomes. J Nurs Manag. 2006; 14(2): 96-105.
  13. Berenson SC. Management of cancer pain with complementary therapies. Oncology (Williston Park) 2007; 21(Suppl 4):10-22.
  14. White AR, Williamson J, Hart A, Ernst E. A blinded investigation into the accuracy of reflexology carts. Complement Ther Med. 2000; 8(3):166-172.
  15. Wyatt GA. Sikorskii MH, Rahbar D, Victorson and You M. Health-related quality-of-life outcomes: a reflexology trial with patients with advanced-stage breast cancer. Oncology nursing forum. 2012 39, 568-577 DOI: 10.1188/12.ONF.568-577
  16. Hodgson NA and Lafferty D. Reflexology versus Swedish Massage to Reduce Physiologic Stress and Pain and Improve Mood in Nursing Home Residents with Cancer: A Pilot Trial. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2012. Article ID 456897, 5 pages, 2012. doi:10.1155/2012/456897
  17. Dyer J, Thomas K, Sandsund C and Shaw C. Is reflexology as effective as aromatherapy massage for symptom relief in an adult outpatient oncology population? Complement Ther Clin Pract 2013 19(3): 139-146.
  18. Green VL, Alexandropoulou A, Walker MB, Walker AA, Sharp DM, Walker LG and Greenman J. Alterations in the Th1/Th2 balance in breast cancer patients using reflexology and scalp massage. Experimental and therapeutic medicine 2012. 1, 97-108 DOI: 10.3892/etm_00000018
  19. Reflexology in Europe Website: http://reflexology-europe.org Accessed 3rd October 2016