Written by Luc Geeraert and the CAM-Cancer Consortium.
Updated January 20, 2017

Ornish diet and lifestyle modification programme

Is it safe ?

For safety issues regarding vitamin E and selenium, see the respective summaries [selenium, vitamin E]. As to vitamin C, oral doses up to 2 g per day are generally considered safe and well-tolerated. The US Institute of Medicine defined the tolerable upper intake level, i.e., the highest level of daily nutrient intake that is likely to pose no risk of adverse health effects in almost all individuals at 2 g per day, based on the possibility of osmotic diarrhoea and gastrointestinal disturbances above this level 20.

Adverse events

No adverse effects have been reported in the above-cited studies. Other data are not available.

Contraindications

Food allergies/intolerance to soy, soy products, and fish oils.

Interactions

No interactions have been reported in pilot studies and randomized clinical trials.

Warnings

No warnings have been reported in the literature.

Citation Luc Geeraert, CAM-Cancer Consortium. Ornish diet and lifestyle modification programme [online document]. http://ws.cam-cancer.org/The-Summaries/Dietary-approaches/Ornish-diet-and-lifestyle-modification-programme. January 20, 2017.

References

  1. Deanornish.com [Internet]. Dean Ornish, MD, Bio. 2011. [cited 19th December 2016]. Available from: http://deanornish.com/about/.
  2. Ornish D. The Spectrum: A Scientifically Proven Program to Feel Better, Live Longer, Lose Weight, and Gain Health. New York: Ballantine Books, 2007.
  3. Ornish D, Weidner G, Fair WR, Marlin R, Pettengill EB, Raisin CJ, Dunn-Emke S, Crutchfield L, Jacobs FN, Barnard RJ, Aronson WJ, McCormac P, McKnight DJ, Fein JD, Dnistrian AM, Weinstein J, Ngo TH, Mendell NR, Carroll PR. Intensive lifestyle changes may affect the progression of prostate cancer. J. Urol. 2005 September;174(3):1065-1069.
  4. Rock CL, Doyle C, Demark-Wahnefried W, Meyerhardt J, Courneya KS, Schwartz AL, Bandera EV, Hamilton KK, Grant B, McCullough M, Byers T, Gansler T. Nutrition and physical activity guidelines for cancer survivors. CA Cancer J Clin. 2012 Jul-Aug;62(4):243-74. doi: 10.3322/caac.21142.
  5. Ornish D. Can life-style changes reverse coronary atherosclerosis? Hosp. Pract. (Off. Ed.). 1991 May 15;26(5):123-126, 129-132.
  6. Ornish D, Scherwitz LW, Doody RS, Kesten D, McLanahan SM, Brown SE, DePuey E, Sonnemaker R, Haynes C, Lester J, McAllister GK, Hall RJ, Burdine JA, Gotto AM Jr. Effects of stress management training and dietary changes in treating ischemic heart disease. JAMA. 1983 January 7;249(1):54-59.
  7. Ornish D, Scherwitz LW, Billings JH, Brown SE, Gould KL, Merritt TA, Sparler S, Armstrong WT, Ports TA, Kirkeeide RL, Hogeboom C, Brand RJ. Intensive lifestyle changes for reversal of coronary heart disease. JAMA. 1998 December 16;280(23):2001-2007.
  8. Ornish DM, Lee KL, Fair WR, Pettengill EB, Carroll PR. Dietary trial in prostate cancer: Early experience and implications for clinical trial design. Urology. 2001 April;57(4 Suppl 1):200-201.
  9. Daubenmier JJ, Weidner G, Marlin R, Crutchfield L, Dunn-Emke S, Chi C, Gao B, Carroll P, Ornish D. Lifestyle and health-related quality of life of men with prostate cancer managed with active surveillance. Urology. 2006 January;67(1):125-130.
  10. Frattaroli J, Weidner G, Dnistrian AM, Kemp C, Daubenmier JJ, Marlin RO, Crutchfield L, Yglecias L, Carroll PR, Ornish D. Clinical events in prostate cancer lifestyle trial: results from two years of follow-up. Urology. 2008 December;72(6):1319-1323.
  11. Ornish D, Magbanua MJ, Weidner G, Weinberg V, Kemp C, Green C, Mattie MD, Marlin R, Simko J, Shinohara K, Haqq CM, Carroll PR. Changes in prostate gene expression in men undergoing an intensive nutrition and lifestyle intervention. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 2008 Jun 17;105(24):8369-8374.
  12. Ornish D, Lin J, Daubenmier J, Weidner G, Epel E, Kemp C, Magbanua MJ, Marlin R, Yglecias L, Carroll PR, Blackburn EH. Increased telomerase activity and comprehensive lifestyle changes: a pilot study. Lancet Oncol. 2008 November;9(11):1048-1057.
  13. Cooperberg MR, Broering JM, Kantoff PW, Carroll PR. Contemporary trends in low risk prostate cancer: risk assessment and treatment. J. Urol. 2007 September;178(3 Pt 2):S14-S19.
  14. Klotz L. Low-risk prostate cancer can and should often be managed with active surveillance and selective delayed intervention. Nat. Clin. Pract. Urol. 2008 January;5(1):2-3.
  15. Zeng W, Stason WB, Fournier S, Razavi M, Ritter G, Strickler GK, Bhalotra SM, Shepard DS. Benefits and costs of intensive lifestyle modification programs for symptomatic coronary disease in Medicare beneficiaries. Am Heart J. 2013 May;165(5):785-92. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2013.01.018.
  16. Kronenwetter C, Weidner G, Pettengill E, Marlin R, Crutchfield L, McCormac P, Raisin CJ, Ornish D. A qualitative analysis of interviews of men with early stage prostate cancer: the Prostate Cancer Lifestyle Trial. Cancer Nurs. 2005 Mar-April;28(2):99-107.
  17. Dunn-Emke SR, Weidner G, Pettengill EB, Marlin RO, Chi C, Ornish DM. Nutrient adequacy of a very low-fat vegan diet. J. Am. Diet Assoc. 2005 September;105(9):1442-1446.
  18. Dewell A, Weidner G, Sumner MD, Chi CS, Ornish D. A very-low-fat vegan diet increases intake of protective dietary factors and decreases intake of pathogenic dietary factors. J. Am. Diet Assoc. 2008 February;108(2):347-356.
  19. Dewell A, Weidner G, Sumner MD, Barnard RJ, Marlin RO, Daubenmier JJ, Chi C, Carroll PR, Ornish D. Relationship of dietary protein and soy isoflavones to serum IGF-1 and IGF binding proteins in the Prostate Cancer Lifestyle Trial. Nutr. Cancer. 2007;58(1):35-42.
  20. Institute of Medicine. Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes: Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2000.
  21. Ornish D, Lin J, Chan JM, Epel E, Kemp C, Weidner G, Marlin R, Frenda SJ, Magbanua MJ, Daubenmier J, Estay I, Hills NK, Chainani-Wu N, Carroll PR, Blackburn EH. Effect of comprehensive lifestyle changes on telomerase activity and telomere length in men with biopsy-proven low-risk prostate cancer: 5-year follow-up of a descriptive pilot study. Lancet Oncol. 2013 Oct;14(11):1112-20. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(13)70366-8.